Scientific papers

1. Borgqvist L, Nordell E, Lindelöw G, Wingstrand H, Thorngren K-G. Outcome after hip fracture in different health care districts. Rehabilitation of 837 consecutive patients in primary care 1986-88. Scand J Prim Health Care 1991;9:244-25

2. Thorngren K-G. En ortopeds synpunkter på vårdköerna: Strukturrationalisering ger effektivisering. Läkartidningen 1991;vol 88, nr 46:3892-3894. (Swedish)

3. Borgqvist L, Nilsson L T, Lindelöw G, Wiklund I, Thorngren K-G. Perceived health in hip fracture patients: a prospective follow-up of 100 patients. Age and Ageing 1992;21:109-116.

4. Jalovaara P, Berglund-Rödén M, Wingstrand H, Thorngren K-G. Treatment of hip fracture in Finland and Sweden. Prospective comparison of 788 cases in three hospitals. Acta Orthop Scand 1992;63(5)531-535.

5. Jarnlo G-B, Thorngren K-G. Background factors to hip fractures. Clin Orthop Rel Res 1993;287:41-49.

6. Nilsson LT, Strömqvist B, Lidgren L, Thorngren K-G. Deep infection following femoral neck fracture osteosynthesis. Orthop Traumatol 1993;3:313-315.

7. Berglund-Rödén M, Swierstra B,Wingstrand H, Thorngren K-G. Prospective comparison of hip fracture treatment, 856 cases followed for 4 months in the Netherlands and Sweden. Acta Orthop Scand, 1994;65:287-294.

8. Fornander P, Thorngren K-G, Törnqvist H, Ahrengart L. Lindgren U. Swedish experience with the Gamma nail versus sliding hip screw in 209 randomised cases. Int J Orthop Trauma 1994;4:118-122.

9. Swierstra B, Berglund-Rödén M, Wingstrand H, Thorngren K-G. Resultaten van Behandelung van Heuptfracturen in Nederland (Rotterdam) en Zweden (Sundsvall en Lund). Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 1994;238:1814-1818.

10. Thorngren K-G. Fractures in older persons. Disability and Rehabilitation, 1994;16:119-126. 11. Borgqvist L, Thorngren K-G. The financial cost of hip fractures. Acta Orthop Belg 1994;vol 60 Suppl 1:102-105.

12. Thorngren K-G, Berglund-Rödén M, Swierstra B,Wingstrand H.Functional and economic outcome after osteosynthesis or hemiarthroplasty for hip fracture – A prospective comparison. American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 1995.

13. Thorngren K-G. Fractures in the elderly. Acta Orthop Scand (Suppl 266) 1995;66:208-210.

14. Thorngren K-G. Full treatment spectrum for hip fractures. Operation and rehabilitation. Acta Orthop Scand 1997;68(1):1-2.

15. Thorngren K-G. Standardisation of hip fracture audit in Europe. J Bone Joint Surg 1998;80-B, suppl 1:22.

16. Kitamura S, Hasegawa Y, Suzuki S, Ryuichiro S, Iwata H, Wingstrand H, Thorngren K-G. Functional Outcome after Hip Fracture in Japan. Clin Orthop Rel Res 1998;348:29-36.

17. Resch S, Thorngren K-G. Preoperative traction for hip fracture: A randomized comparison between skin and skeletal traction in 78 patients. Acta Orthop Scand 1998;69(3):277-279.

18. Parker M.J., Currie C.T., Mountain J.A., Thorngren K-G. Standardised audit of hip fracture in Europe (SAHFE). Hip International 1998;8:10-15.

19. Thorngren K-G. Hip fractures in the geriatric patient. Natural history, therapeutic approach and rehabilitation potential. SIROT 97 Scientific Proceedings. Ed. H Stein, 161-170. Freund Publ House Ltd, 1999.

20. Tolo E T, Bostrom M P G, Simic P M, Lyden J P, Cornell C M, Thorngren K-G. The short term outcome of elderly patients with hip fractures. Int Orthop (SICOT) 1999;23:279-282.

21. Nordell E, Jarnlo G-B, Jetsén C, Nordström L, Thorngren K-G. Accidental falls and related fractures in 65-74 year olds. A retrospective study of 332 patients. Acta Orthop Scand 2000;71(2):175-179.

22. Lunsjö K, Ceder L, Thorngren K-G, Skytting B, Tidermark J, Berntson P-O, Allvin I, Norberg S, Hjalmars K, Larsson S, Knebel R, Hauggaard A, Stigsson L. Extramedulllary fixation of 569 unstable intertrochanteric fractures. A randomized multicenter trial of the Medoff sliding plate versus three other screw-plate systems. Acta Orthop Scand 2001;72(2): 133-140.

23. Heikkinen T, Wingstrand H, Partanen J, Thorngren KG, Jalovaara P. Hemiarthroplasty or osteosynthesis in cervical hip fractures: matched-pair analysis in 892 patients. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2002;122(3):143-7.

24. Ahrengart L, Törnkvist H, Fornander P, Thorngren K-G, Pasanen L, Wahlström P, Honkonen S, Lindgren U. A randomized study of the compression hip screw and gamma nail in 426 fractures. Clin Orthop Rel Res 2002;401:209-222.

25. Cserhati P, Fekete K, Berglund-Rödén M, Wingstrand H, Thorngren K-G. Hip fractures in Hungary and Sweden – differences in treatment and rehabilitation. Int Orthop (SICOT) 2002; 26(4):222-8.

26. Thorngren KG, Hommel A, Norrman PO, Thorngren J, Wingstrand H. Epidemiology of femoral neck fractures. Injury 2002;33 Suppl 3:C1-7.

27. Partanen J, Saarenpää I, Heikkinen T, Wingstrand H, Thorngren K-G. Jalovaara P. Functional outcome after displaced femoral neck fractures treated with osteosynthesis or hemiarthroplasty: a matched-pair study of 714 patients. Acta Orthop Scand 2002;73(5):496-501.

28. Hommel A, Ulander K, Thorngren K-G. Improvements in pain relief, handling time and pressure ulcers through internal audits of hip fracture patients. Scand J Caring Sci 2003;17:78-83

29. Hasserius R, Johnell O, Nilsson BE, Thorngren K-G, Jonsson K, Mellström D, Redlund-Johnell I, Karlsson MK. Hip fracture patients have more vertebral deformities than subjects in population-based studies. Bone 2003;32:180-184.

30. Lykke N, Lerud K, Strömsöe K, Thorngren K-G. Fixation of fractures of the femoral neck. A prospective randomized trial of three Ullevaal hip screws versus two Hansson hook-pins. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 2003:85-B:426-30.

31. Eneroth M, Olsson U-B, Thorngren K-G. Insufficient fluid and energy intake in hospitalised patients with hip fracture. A prospective randomised study of 80 patients. Clin Nutrition 2005;24:297-303.

32. Hommel A, Jarnlo G-B, Nordell E, Thorngren K-G & Åstrand J. Fall, fragilitet och frakturer. Ortopediskt magasin 2. 2005. (Swedish).

33. Resch S, Bjärnetoft B, Thorngren K-G. Preoperative skin traction or pillow nursing in hip fractures: a prospective and randomized study in 123 patients. Disability and Rehabilitation 2005;27(18-19):1191-95

34. Thorngren KG, Norrman PO, Hommel A, Cedervall M, Thorngren J, Wingstrand H. Influence of age, sex, fracture type and pre-fracture living on rehabilitation pattern after hip fracture in the elderly. Disability and Rehabilitation 2005;27(18-19):1091-97.

35. Borgström F, Zethraeus N, Johnell O, Lidgren L, Ponzer S, Svensson O, Abdon P, Ornstein E, Lundsjö K, Thorngren K-G, Sernbo I, Rehnberg C, Jönsson B. Costs and quality of life associated with osteoporosis-related fractures in Sweden. Osteoporos Int 2006 May;17(5):637-50.

36. Borgström F, Zethraeus N, Johnell O, Lidgren L, Ponzer S, Svensson O, Abdon P, Ornstein E, Lundsjö K, Thorngren K-G, Sernbo I, Rehnberg C, Jönsson B. Costs and quality of life associated with osteoporosis-related fractures in Sweden. Osteoporos Int 2006 May;17(5):637-50.

37. Mjörud J, Skaro O, Solhaug JH, Thorngren K-G. A randomized study in all cervical hip fractures. Osteosynthesis with Hansson hook-pins versus AO-screws in 199 consecutive patients followed for two years. Injury 2006 Aug;37(8):768-77.

38. Åstrand J, Thorngren K-G, Tägil M. One fracture is enough. Experience with a prospective and consecutive osteoporosis screening program with 239 fracture patients. Acta Orthop Scand 2006;77(1):3-8.

39. Eneroth M, Olsson U-B, Thorngren K-G. Nutritional Supplementation Decrease Fracture-related Complications. Clin Orthop Rel Res 2006;451:212-217

40. Svensson O, Thorngren K-G. Benskörhetsfrakturer. En nationell handlingsplan behövs. [Osteoporosis fractures. A national plan of action required]. Läkartidningen 2006;103(40):2955. (Swedish)

41. Thorngren K-G. Höftfrakturer – Ett enormt folkhälsoproblem. [Hip fractures – an enormous public health problem]. Läkartidningen 2006;103(40):2990-92. (Swedish)

42. Ho(m)mel A & Olofsson B. Särskilt vårdprogram för patienter med höftfraktur [Special care program for patients with hip fractures]. Läkartidningen 2006;40;3000-3001. (Swedish) Wrong spelling in PubMed Homel

43. Tsuboi M, Hasegawa Y, Suzuki S, Wingstrand H, Thorngren KG. Mortality and mobility after hip fracture in Japan: A Ten Year Follow-Up. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2007 Apr;89(4):461-6

44. Hommel A, Bjorkelund KB, Thorngren KG, Ulander K. Nutritional status among patients with hip fracture in relation to pressure ulcers. Clin Nutr 2007;26:589-96.

45. Holmer H, Svensson J, Rylander L, Johannsson G, Rosén T, Bengtsson BA, Thorén M, Höybye C, Degerblad M, Bramnert M, Hägg E, Engström BE, Ekman B, Thorngren KG, Hagmar L, Erfurth EM. Fracture incidence in GH-Deficient Patients on Complete Hormone Replacement Including GH. J Bone Miner Res 2007 Dec;22(12):1842-50.

46. Hommel A, Björkelund KB, Thorngren K-G, Ulander K. A study of a pathway to reduce pressure ulcers for patients with a hip fracture. J Orthop Nursing 2007;11:151-59

47. Ström O, Borgström F, Zethraeus N, Johnell O, Lidgren L, Ponzer S, Svensson O, Abdon P, Ornstein E, Ceder L, Thorngren K-G, Sernbro I, Jönsson B. Long-term cost and effect on quality of life of osteoporosis-related fractures in Sweden. Acta Orthop 2008;79(2):269-280

48. Åstrand J, Thorngren KG, Tägil M, Åkesson K. 3-year follow-up of 215 fracture patients from a prospective and consecutive osteoporosis screening program. Fracture patients care! Acta Orthop 2008;79(3):404-9

49. Hommel A, Ulander K, Björkelund K, Norrman P-O, Wingstrand H, Thorngren KG. Influence of optimised treatment of people with hip fracture on time to operation, length of hospital stay, reoperations and mortality within 1 year. Injury 2008;39:1164-1174.

50. Hommel A, Bjorkelund KB, Thorngren KG, Ulander K. Differences in complications and length of stay between patients with a hip fracture treated at an orthopaedic department and patients treated at other hospital J Orthop Nursing 2008; 12, 13-25.

51. Thorngren K-G. National registration of hip fractures. Acta Orthop 2008;79(5):580-82

52. Al-Ani AN, Samuelsson B, Tidermark J, Norling A, Ekström W, Cederholm T, Hedström M. Early operation on patients with a hip fracture improved the ability to return to independent living. A prospective study of 850 patients. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2008 Jul;90(7):1436-42.

53. Ekström W, Miedel R, Ponzer S, Hedström M, Samnegård E, Tidermark J. Quality of lifeafter a stable trochanteric fracture. A Prospective cohort study on 148 patients. J of Orthop Trauma 2009; 1: 39-44.

54. Björkelund KB, Hommel A, Thorngren KG, Lundberg D, Larsson S. Factors at admission associated with 4 months outcome in elderly patients with hip fracture. AANA J 2009 Feb;77(1):49-58

55. Samuelsson B, Hedström M, Ponzer S, Söderqvist A, Samnegård E, Thorngren KG, Cederholm T, Sääf M, Dalén N. Gender differences and cognitive aspects on functional outcome after hip fracture – a 2 years´follow-up of 2,134 patients. Age Ageing 2009 Nov;38(6):686-92.

56. Nordell E, Andreasson M, Gall K, Thorngren KG. Evaluating the Swedish version of the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I). Advances in Physiotherapy 2009;11(2):81-87

57. Söderqvist A, Ekström W, Ponzer S, Pettersson H, Cederholm T, Dalén N, Hedström M, Tidermark J; Stockholm Hip Fracture Group. Prediction of mortality in elderly patients with hip fractures: a two-year prospective study of 1,944 patients. Gerontology. 2009;55(5):496- 504.

58. Valavičienė R, Smailys A, Macijauskienė J, Hommel A. Factors affecting health related quality of life femoral neck fracture patients. Medicina (Kaunas) 2010;46(12):801-5.

59. Björkelund KB, Hommel A, Thorngren KG, Gustafson L, Larsson S, Lundberg D. Reducing delirium in elderly patients with hip fractyre: a multi-factorial intervention study. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2010 Jul;54(6):678-88.

60. Al-Ani AN, Flodin L, Söderqvist A, Ackermann P, Samnegård E, Dalén N, Sääf M, Cederholm T, Hedström M. Does rehabilitation matter in patients with femoral neck fracture and cognitive impairment? A prospective study of 246 patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2010 Jan;91(1):51-7.

61. Björkelund K, Hommel A, Thorngren K-G, Lundberg D, Larsson S. The influence of perioperative care and treatment on the 4-month outcome in elderly patients with hip fracture. AANA J 2011;79(1):51-61.

62. Valaviciené R, Macijauskiené, Hommel A. Femoral neck fractures in Lithuania. The one year audit results. International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing. 2011;15,76-81.

63. Valavicienė R , Smailys A, Jurate Macijauskiene J, Hommel A. The comparison of hip fractures care in Lithuania and Sweden. International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing. 2012;16 (1) , 47-52 .

64. Valavicienė R , Macijauskiene J, Tarasevicius S, Smailys A, Dobozinskas P, Hommel A. Femoral neck fractures in Lithuania and Sweden. The differences in care and outcome. International Orthopaedics DOI: 10.1007/s00264-012-1531-8

65. Hommel A Kock ML, Persson J, Werntoft E. The patient’s view of nursing care after hip fracture ISRN Nurs. 2012;2012:863291. Epub 2012 Jul 3.

66. Turesson E., Ivarsson K, Ekelund U. Hommel A . The implementation of a fast-track care pathway for hip fracture patients.

67. Bartha E, Davidsson T, Thorngren KG, E Bartha, Hommel A, Carlsson P , Kalman S, Cost-effectiveness analysis of goal-directed hemodynamic treatment of elderly hip fracture patients—before clinical research starts. Anesthesiology. 2012 Sep;117(3):519-530.

68. Maher AB, Meehan A, Hertz K, Hommel A, MacDonald V, O´Sullivan MP, Specht K, Taylor A. Acute nursing care of the older adult with fragility hip fracture: An international perspective (Part 1). 2012;16, 177–194.

69. Maher AB, Meehan A, Hertz K, Hommel A, MacDonald V, O´Sullivan MP, Specht K, Taylor A. Acute nursing care of the older adult with fragility hip fracture: An international perspective (Part 2) International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing. 2013;17 (1) 4-18.

70. Sjöstrand, D., Hommel, A. & Johansson, A. Causes of Surgical Delay and Demographic Characteristics in Patients with Hip Fracture. A one year Register Study of 484 patients Open Journal of Orthopaedics 2013, 3,193-198.


1. Thorngren, K-G. Rikshöft. I Spri-rapport 289. Kvalitetssäkring i kirurgi och anestesiologi, 1990.(Swedish)

2. Thorngren, K-G. Rikshöft, register över höftfrakturer. I Spri-rapport 308, Dagmar-50. Ortopedi, 1991. (Swedish)

3. Thorngren K-G,Berglund-Rödén M,Wingstrand H.Utvärdering av Ädelreformen via Rikshöftprojektet. Socialstyrelsen. Ädelutvärderingen 1994;94:18.(in Swedish).

4. Thorngren K-G. State of the Art.Höftfrakturer. Medicinsk faktadatabas, MARS. Ett svenskt program för resultatuppföljning, 1995;4:3-29.(iSwedish).

5. Thorngren K-G, Herberts P, Johnell O, Lidgren L, Nachemson A. Rörelseorganens sjukdomar. I: Sjukvården i Sverige 1995. SOS-rapport 1995;25:180-199. .(Swedish)

6. Thorngren K-G. Rikshöft. I ”Nationella kvalitetsregister inom hälso- och sjukvården 96/97. Landstingsförbundet/Socialstyrelsen, Stockholm 1997. ISBN 91-71888-374-6 pp 29-31. (Swedish).

Book chapters

1. Thorngren K-G, Berglund-Rödén M, Dalén T, Wingstrand H. Multicenter hipfracture study. In: Proximal Femoral Fractures. Operative Techniques andComplications. Eds. Marti R.K. and Dunki Jakobs P.B. Medical Press Ltd, London,1993. Vol 1, 47-56.

2. Thorngren K-G. Experience from Sweden. In: Medical audit. Rationale and practicalities. Cambridge University Press, 1993;365-375.

3. Thorngren K-G. Epidemiology of fractures of the proximal femur. In European Instructional course lectures. Ed. by J Kenwright, J Duparc and P Fulford 1997;3:144-153.

4. Thorngren KG. Femoral neck fractures. In: Oxford Textbook of Orthopedics and Trauma. Ed by C Bulstrode, J Buckwalter, A Carr, L Marsh, J Fairbank,J Wilson-MacDonald and G Bowden. Oxford University Press 2002; Volume 3:2216-2227.

5. Schmidt AH, Asnis SE, Haidukewych G, Koval KJ, Thorngren K-G. Femoral neck fractures. In Instructional Course Lectures 2005;54:417-445. Ed by V Pellegrini and J Kernan. Published by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS).

6. Thorngren K-G. Förbättrad behandling av höftfrakturer. I: En människa i rörelse. Forskning om skelett, leder och muskulatur i Region Skåne och Södra Sjukvårdsregionen. Forsknings- och utvecklingsenheten 2005;(3):127-139. (Swedish).

7. Thorngren KG. National Registration of Hip Fractures in Sweden. In European Instructional Course Lectures 2009 Vol. 9:11-18. Ed. By G Bentley (UK).

8. Hommel Ami. 2010 Kvalitetsarbete vid vård av patienter med höftfraktur. In Höftfraktur hos äldre.att bevara patientens förmåga. Ed by Olsson LE, Karlsson J, Waern E Liber. ISBN 47 09 339 700. (Swedish)

9. Hommel Ami. Kvalitetsregister. In Ortopedisk vård och rehabilitering, Ed by Hommel A & Bååth C. 2013. Studentlitteratur ISBN 978-91-44-06059-0. (Swedish).


1. Thorngren, K-G, Berglund-Rödén M. Dolk T, Johnell O, Kärrholm J, Wingstrand H.Swedish Multicenter Hip Fracture Study Poster, Svensk Ortopedisk Förening, 1990.

2. Thorngren K-G, Berglund-Rödén M, Dolk T, Johnell O, Kalén R, Kärrholm J, LysellE, Wingstrand H. Age-related results in the Swedish multicenter hip fracture study. Poster Svensk Ortopedisk Förening, 1993.

3. Hommel A, Thorngren KG & Ulander K. Improvements in pain relief, handling time and pressure ulcers through internal audit of hip fracture patients. Morgondagens omvårdnadsforskning, Lund, Sweden. 2003.

4. Hommel A, Bjorklund KB, Thorngren KG & Ulander K. Nutrirional status and pressure ulcers in patietns with a hip fracture. ESPEN (The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism) Istanbul Turkey, 2006.

5. Hommel A, Ulander K & Thorngren KG. How to prevent patients with a hip fracture from develpoing pressure ulcers. 11th European Forum on Quality Improvement in Health Care. Prague. Czech Republic, 2006

6. Hommel A, Bjorklund KB, Thorngren KG & Ulander K. Patients with a hip fracture should not be treated as ”outliers”. 13th European Forum on Quality Improvement in Health Care. Paris, France, 2008

7. Valaviciene R, Macijauskiene J Smailys1 A, Hommel A. Femoral Neck Fractures in Lithuania. The One Year Audit Results EFORT, Copenhagen 2011.

8. Harrysson J, Månsson H, Lundh A, Nilsson S, Olsson E-L, Hellman M, Jönsson L. Hip rehabilitation. Two countries two ways to do it. RCN, SOTN, Bristol, UK, 2011.

9. Nilsson S, Harrysson J, Månsson H, Olsson E-L, Hellman M, Jönsson L, Larsson E-M. Yes we have changed our ward! AMON, Qawra, Malta, 2012.

10. Larsson E-M, Månsson H, Jönsson L, Hellman M. It’s all about the patient! ICON- CONA, Vancouver, Canada. 2013.